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Czech History: Home


A special thank you to the staff at the Slavic Reference Service of the University of Illinois at Champagne-Urbana for the use of this guide.

Czech Republic - Just the Facts

 Image from "Heraldry of the World" .  Accessed 5/29/2011.


Central Europe, between Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and Austria

Geographic coordinates:

49 45 N, 15 30 E


total: 78,867 sq km
country comparison to the world: 115
land: 77,247 sq km
water: 1,620 sq km

Area - comparative:

slightly smaller than South Carolina

Land boundaries:

total: 1,989 km
border countries: Austria 362 km, Germany 815 km, Poland 615 km,
Slovakia 197 km


temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters


Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus
surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very
hilly country

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Elbe River 115 m
highest point: Snezka 1,602 m

Natural resources:

hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber

Land use:

arable land: 38.82%
permanent crops: 3%
other: 58.18% (2005)

Irrigated land:

240 sq km (2003)

Total renewable water resources:

16 cu km (2005)

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):

total: 1.91 cu km/yr (41%/57%/2%)
per capita: 187 cu m/yr (2002)

Natural hazards:


Environment - current issues:

air and water pollution in areas of northwest Bohemia and in northern
Moravia around Ostrava present health risks; acid rain damaging forests;
efforts to bring industry up to EU code should improve domestic pollution

Environment - international agreements:

party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-
Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-
Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-
Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change,
Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species,
Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:

landlocked; strategically located astride some of oldest and most
significant land routes in Europe; Moravian Gate is a traditional
military corridor between the North European Plain and the
Danube in central Europe

 Information from "CIA - The World Factbook"
Accessed 5/29/2011.

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