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MLA Style  

Last Updated: Jan 14, 2014 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

Introduction Print Page

Why MLA?

MLA publishes a style book called the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers.  This manual is the standard used for most Humanities disciplines.  


MLA Handbook

All examples provided in this guide are based on the official style guidelines outlined in the MLA Handbook:

  MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers 7th Edition


Little Seagull


7th Edition Updates to the MLA Handbook

Significant updates were made to MLA style guidelines effective April, 2009. They are:

  • Use italics, not underlining
  • URLs are unnecessary (but they may be added if you think the information is helpful)
  • Continuous pagination doesn't matter - instead, always include volume and issue when citing a scholarly journal article
  • Add the medium (format) of the publication being cited (e.g. "Print" or "Web")
  • Abbreviations will be used to acknowledge missing details within citations for online publications ("n.d." for no date, "N.p." for no publisher, "n. pag." for no pagination, "n.p." for no place of publication)

Adapted from: OWL at Purdue University 

Changes in the 7th Edition


A Practical Guide to MLA

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