The civilization of ancient Greece flowered more than 2500 years ago but it influences the way we live today. Greece is a peninsula in southeastern Europe. The people of the region attempted to explain the world through the laws of nature. They made important discoveries in science. They developed democracy, where people govern themselves rather than being ruled by a king. The Greeks also valued beauty and imagination. They wrote many stories and plays that continue to be performed today. The ancient Greeks developed a great deal of what we take for granted. This is why Greece is often known as the Cradle of Western Civilization.
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C.450–404 B.C., Athenian statesman and general.
Or Alexander III, 356–323 B.C., king of Macedon, conqueror of much of Asia.
287–212 B.C., Greek mathematician, physicist, and inventor. He is famous for his work in geometry (on the circle, sphere, cylinder, and parabola).
C.448 B.C.–c.388 B.C., Greek playwright, Athenian comic poet, greatest of the ancient writers of comedy
384–322 B.C., Greek philosopher, b. Stagira. He tutored Alexander the Great and founded the Peripatetic School.
Philosopher (c. 460 - c. 370 B.C.); particularly made his mark in the application of his theories of the universe to everyday morality and the simple goal of living a good life.
The six Macedonian generals who, after the death of Alexander the Great, fought for control of his empire in the Wars of the Diadochi (321-281 BC). [Greek: successors].
341–270 B.C., Greek philosopher; defined philosophy as the art of making life happy and strictly subordinated metaphysics to ethics, naming pleasure as the highest and only good.
Greek mathematician (fl. 300 B.C.) whose works, and the style in which they were presented, formed the basis for all mathematical thought and expression for the following 2,000 years (although they were not entirely without fault).
480 or 485–406 B.C., Greek tragic dramatist, ranking with Aeschylus and Sophocles.
484?–425? B.C., Greek historian, called the Father of History, b. Halicarnassus, Asia Minor.
Principal figure of ancient Greek literature; the first European poet. Two epic poems are attributed to Homer, the Iliad and the Odyssey.
427?–347 B.C., Greek philosopher. Plato's teachings have been among the most influential in the history of Western civilization.
C.495–429 B.C., Athenian statesman.
A Greek late Classical sculptor from Athens, Praxiteles was the foremost representative of the Attic School in the middle years of the 4th century BC.
C.582–c.507 B.C., pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, founder of the Pythagorean school, best known for two teachings: the transmigration of souls and the theory that numbers constitute the true nature of things.
From The Cambridge Guide to Women's Writing in English: "Female poet who lived and wrote on the Aeolian island of Lesbos in the 7th century BC".
469–399 B.C., Greek philosopher of Athens.
C.496 B.C.–406 B.C., Greek tragic dramatist, younger contemporary of Aeschylus and older contemporary of Euripides, b. Colonus, near Athens.
C.430 B.C.–c.355 B.C., Greek historian.