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Africa: The Countries of Africa

Eastern Africa

  • Burundi
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    Republic, 10,747 sq mi (27,834 sq km), E centralAfrica. Bujumbura is the capital and largest city; Gitega is the only other major town
     
  • Country in the Indian Ocean between Madagascar and the east coast of Africa, comprising three islands - Njazidja (Grande Comore), Nzwani (Anjouan), and Mwali (Moheli).
     
     
  • he Republic of Djibouti is a small country on the NE coast of Africa. Djibouti contains the lowest point on the African continent, Lake Assal, at 155m [509ft] below sea level. The capital is also Djibouti.
     
     
  • Republic, c.48,000 sq mi (124,320 sq km), NEAfrica. Asmara is the capital and largest city. 
     
     
  • Republic, 471,776 sq mi (1,221,900 sq km), NEAfrica. Addis Ababa is the capital and largest city.
     
     
     
  • Republic, 224,960 sq mi (582,646 sq km), E Africa. Nairobi is the capital and largest city.
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  • Republic, 226,658 sq mi (587,045 sq km), in the Indian Ocean. The capital and largest city is Antananarivo.
     
     
     
  • Republic, 45,200 sq mi (117,068 sq km), E central Africa. The capital is Lilongwe; Blantyre is its largest city and commercial capital. 
     
     
  • Republic, 790 sq mi (2,046 sq km), in the SW Indian Ocean. It is part of the Mascarene Islands. The capital is Port Louis.
     
     
  • Country in southeast Africa. Capital: Maputo (and chief port). Major towns/cities: Beira, Nampula, Nacala, Chimoio.
     
     
     
  • Republic, 10,169 sq mi (26,338 sq km), E centralAfrica. Kigali is the capital and largest town.
     
     
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  • Island and overseas department of France, c.970 sq mi (2,510 sq km), one of the Mascarene Islands, in the Indian Ocean. Saint-Denis (the capital) and Le Port (the leading port) are the chief cities.
     
     
     
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  • Country in the Indian Ocean. Comprises two distinct island groups: one, the Granitic group, concentrated, the other, the Outer or Coralline group, widely scattered; totals over 100 islands and islets. Capital: Victoria
     
     
  • Country, 246,200 sq mi (637,657 sq km), extreme EAfrica. It is directly south of the Arabian peninsula across the Gulf of Aden. Mogadishu is the capital.
     
  • Republic, 364,898 sq mi (945,087 sq km), E Africa. The Tanzanian legislature moved to the new capital of Dodoma in 1996, but many government offices still remain in Dar-es-Salaam
     
     
  • Republic, 91,133 sq mi (236,036 sq km), E centralAfrica. Kampala is Uganda's capital and its largest city.
     
     
  • Republic, 290,584 sq mi (752,614 sq km), central Africa. Lusaka is the capital and largest city.
     
     
  • A landlocked country in SAfrica. Capital: Harare.
 

Western Countries

  • Benin
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  • The Republic of Benin, formerly called Dahomey, is one of Africa's smallest countries. Capital: Porto-Novo.
     
     
     
  • Republic, 105,869 sq mi (274,200 sq km), W Africa. Ouagadougou is the capital and largest city.
     
     

  • Republic, c.1,560 sq mi (4,040 sq km), W Africa. It is an archipelago made up of 10 islands and 5 islets.
     
     
  • Republic, 124,503 sq mi (322,463 sq km), W Africa. The official capital is Yamoussoukro; the largest city, commercial center, administrative center, and former capital is Abidjan.
     
     
  • Republic in Western Africa. 11,295 sq km. Almost an enclave of Senegal; smallest country on the continent of Africa. Capital: Banjul.  Also called The Gambia.
     
     

  • Country in West Africa. Area: 238,540 sq km/92,100 sq miles. Capital: Accra.
     
     
  • Republic. Can be divided into four regions: an alluvial coastal plain, which includes the capital, Conakry; the highland region of the Fouta Djallon; the NE savanna; and the SE Guinea Highlands.
     
     
  • Republic, 13,948 sq mi (36,125 sq km), W Africa. The country includes the nearby Bijagós (Bissagos) Archipelago and other islands. Bissau is the capital and only large city.
     
     
  • Republic, 43,000 sq mi (111,370 sq km), W Africa. Monrovia is the capital, largest city, main port, and commercial center.
     
     
  • Independent republic, 478,764 sq mi (1,240,000 sq km), the largest country in W Africa. Bamako is the capital and by far the largest city.
     
     
  • Republic, 397,953 sq mi (1,030,700 sq km), NW Africa. Nouakchott is the capital and largest town. Other towns include Atar and Kaédi
     
     
  • A landlocked nation in N central Africa. The narrow Niger Valley is the country's most fertile and densely populated region and includes the capital, Niamey.
     
     
  • Republic, 356,667 sq mi (923,768 sq km), W Africa. Abuja is the capital and Lagos is the largest city. 
     
     
  • Island, 47 sq mi (122 sq km), in the S Atlantic Ocean, 1,200 mi (1,931 km) W of Africa. Together with the islands of Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, it comprises the British dependency of St. Helena. 
     
     
  • Country in West Africa, on the Atlantic Ocean. Bounded north by Mauritania, east by Mali, south by Guinea and Guinea-Bissau, and enclosing the Gambia on three sides. Capital: Dakar. 
     
     
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  • Republic, 27,699 sq mi (71,740 sq km), W Africa. Bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in the west, by Guinea in the north and east, and by Liberia in the south. Freetown is the capital.
     
  • Officially Togolese Republic, republic (2005 est. pop. 5,682,000), 21,622 sq mi (56,000 sq km), W Africa. Lomé is the country's capital and its largest city. 
 

Southern Africa

  • Botswana

     
    Officially Republic of Botswana, republic, 231,804 sq mi (600,372 sq km), S central Africa. Gaborone is the capital and largest city.
  • Officially Kingdom of Lesotho, kingdom, 11,720 sq mi (30,355 sq km), S Africa. Maseru is the capital and largest city.
     
     
  • Republic, c.318,000 sq mi (823,620 sq km), SW Africa. The capital and largest city of Namibia is Windhoek. 
     
     
     
  • Country on the southern tip ofAfrica. Capitals: Cape Town (legislative), Pretoria (administrative), Bloemfontein (judicial). 
     
     
  • Kingdom, 6,705 sq mi (17,366 sq km), SE Africa. The capital and largest city is Mbabane.
 

Middle Africa

  • Angola
  • Officially Republic of Angola, including the exclave of Cabinda, 481,351 sq mi (1,246,700 sq km), SW Africa. Luanda is the capital, largest city, and chief port.
     
  • Country in westAfrica, bounded northwest by Nigeria, northeast by Chad, east by the Central African Republic, south by the Republic of the Congo, Gabon, and Equatorial Guinea. Capital: Yaoundé.
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  • Central African Republic
  • Republic, 240,534 sq mi (622,983 sq km), central Africa. Bangui is the capital and largest city. 
     
     
     
 

 Equitorial Guinea

 

  • Republic, 10,830 sq mi (28,051 sq km), W central Africa. Malabo, situated on Bioko, is the capital and largest city.

     

  • Republic, 103,346 sq mi (267,667 sq km), W central Africa. Libreville (the capital) and Port-Gentil, both seaports, are the country's only large cities.
     
     
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  • Republic, 372 sq mi (964 sq km), WAfrica, in the Gulf of Guinea. São Tomé is the capital and chief town.
 

Northern Africa

 

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    Algeria

     
    Officially People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, republic, 919,590 sq mi (2,381,741 sq km), NW Africa. Algiers is the capital and largest city.
     
     
  • Country in northeast Africa. Capital: Cairo. Major ports: Alexandria, Port Said, Suez, Damietta, Shubra Al Khayma.
     

  • Officially Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahirya [state of the masses], republic, 679,358 sq mi (1,759,540 sq km), N Africa. Tripoli is the capital of Libya and its largest city.
     
  • Country in northwestAfrica. Capital: Rabat. Major towns/cities: Casablanca, Marrakesh, Fès, Oujda, Kenitra, Tétouan, Meknès
     
  • The separatist movements in the South, while suffering tremendous losses, show no signs of abatement in the long war.
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  • Sudan
  • Republic, 967,494 sq mi (2,505,813 sq km), NE Africa. Khartoum is the capital and Omdurman is the largest city.
     
     
  • Officially Republic of Tunisia, republic, 63,378 sq mi (164,150 sq km), NWAfrica. The capital and largest city is Tunis.
     
  • Territory, 102,703 sq mi (266,000 sq km), NW Africa, occupied by Morocco. 
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