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Middle East: Egypt

Arab Republic of Egypt


See also the guide from the Asia, Egypt page.

History & Culture

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A republic in NE Africa, on the Mediterranean and Red Sea: its history dates back about 5000 years. Occupied by the British from 1882, it became an independent kingdom in 1922 and a republic in 1953. Over 96 per cent of the total area is desert, with the chief areas of habitation and cultivation in the Nile delta and valley. Cotton is the main export. Official language: Arabic. Official religion: Muslim; Sunni majority. Currency: pound. Capital: Cairo. Population: 63,261,000 (1998 est). Area: 997,739 sq. km (385,229 sq. miles). Official name: Arab Republic of Egypt. Former official name (1958-71): United Arab Republic.

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