Apartheid, an Afrikaans word that means "apartness," is defined in Article 7 of the Rome Statute of the International Court as a crime against humanity "committed in the context of an institutionalized regime of systematic oppression and domination by one racial group over any other racial group or groups and committed with the intention of maintaining that regime." The word most often refers to the racial segregation in South Africa which lasted from 1948 to 1991.
Crimes against humanity
Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court
Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act of 1986
International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid (ICSPCA)